Оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом


Drama productions are performed at, amongst others, the Oxford Playhouse, and the Apollo Theatre, and there are several cinemas. Oxford early on became a centre for lively controversy, with scholars involved in religious and political disputes. By , the University was headed by a magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred in , and in the masters were recognized as a universitas or corporation. But Oxford was a fortress as well as a town. This university town is very beautiful.

About the Normans built a castle at Oxford. In the 12th and 13th centuries Oxford was a manufacturing town. It was noted for cloth and leather.

But in the 14th and 15th centuries manufacturing declined. Oxford came to depend on the students. It became a town of brewers, butchers, bakers, tailors, shoemakers, coopers, carpenters and blacksmiths. In the later Middle Ages Oxford declined in importance. In the 16th century Oxford declined further in terms of national importance, though it remained a fairly large town by the standards of the time. Oxford was economically dependent on the university.

The students provided a large market for beer, food, clothes and other goods. In оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом late 19th century a marmalade making industry began in Oxford. There was also a publishing industry and an iron foundry. The fate of Oxford was changed in when a man named Morris began making cars in the city. In a radiator making company was formed.

By the s Oxford was an important manufacturing centre.

It was also a prosperous city. Today the main industries are still car manufacturing and making vehicle parts and publishing.

Oxford was economically dependent on the university. Направление перевода выберите один раз из списка, в дальнейшем оно сохранится. Банк рефератов содержит более тысяч рефератов , курсовых и дипломных работ, шпаргалок и докладов по различным дисциплинам: истории, психологии, экономике, менеджменту, философии, праву, экологии. Он является одним из лучших и престижных высших учебных заведений в мире.

Today the population of Oxford isОксфорд был основан в 9-ом столетии, когда Альфред Великий создал вдоль всего своего королевства сеть укрепленных городов, называемых бургами burghs. Тем не менее, в году был открыт первый женский колледж.

Учебный год в Кембридже делится на триместры. Первый длится с октября по декабрь, второй - с января по март, а третий - с апреля по июнь. Праздники между триместрами включают Рождество, Пасху и длительные летние каникулы.

В университете находится библиотек с более чем 8 миллионами томов. Он также содержит восемь музеев искусства, культуры и науки и ботанический сад. Среди них, Зоологический музей, Музей классической археологии, Музей истории науки, Полярный музей. Кстати, многие важные научные открытия были сделаны выпускниками Кембриджа, например, Исааком Ньютоном, Джеймсом Максвеллом, Фрэнсисом Бэконом, Чарльзом Дарвином и другими.

The three principal annual events are Commemoration, Congregation and Convocation.

TB in the UK has risen almost every year for the last 15 years, with 6, newly diagnosed cases each year. Использованная литература: 1. Главная страница Содержание. Oxford early on became a centre for lively controversy, with scholars involved in religious and political disputes. Oxford - the University Town.

The first оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом mainly concerned with the conferring of Honorary Degrees, the ceremony commemorating the opening of the Sheldonian Theatre in Associated with it are the celebrations of the Encaenia.

Every college of the University has its own Library, and many of them are very large ahd comprehensive.

Конечно, Оксфорд знаменит своими красивыми зданиями так же, как и первоклассным образованием. Самые умные люди страны живут и работают. Оксфорд дает им все: спокойную обстановку, дружелюбных коллег и летнюю библиотеку, в которой около пяти миллионов книг. В Оксфорде расположены красивейшие здания Британии.

Некоторым колледжам, часовням и библиотекам триста, четыреста и даже пятьсот лет, и они полны книг и бесценных полотен. Здесь много красивых садов, где студенты читают и отдыхают в летние месяцы.

What is the oldest university in Oxford?

When did it open? What is Oxford famous for?

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How many colleges are there in university? Where do students relax and read? Помощь: 1. Прослушать произношение слова и перевод на howjsay. Направление перевода выберите один раз из списка, в дальнейшем оно сохранится.

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Для многократного повторения подводите стрелку мышки к выделенному слову в колонке слева. The University assumed a leading role in the Victorian era, especially in religious controversy.

Топик: Oxford University

In the new University Museum was the site of a famous debate between Thomas Huxley, the champion of evolution, and Bishop Wilberforce. Fromacademic halls were established for women, who became members of the University in In the years since the war, Oxford has added to its humanistic core a major new research capacity in the natural and applied sciences, including medicine.

Оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом 4745

In so doing, it has enhanced and strengthened its traditional role as a focus for learning and a forum for intellectual debate. Oxford is an independent and self-governing institution, consisting of the central University and the Colleges. The Chancellorwho is usually an eminent public figure elected for life, serves as the titular head of the University, presiding over all major ceremonies.

Оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом 7544

The principal policy-making body is the Council of the Universitywhich has 26 members, including those elected by Congregation, representatives of the Colleges and two members from outside the University. Council оксфорд реферат responsible for the academic policy and strategic direction of the University, and operates through four major committees: Educational Policy and Standards, General Purposes, Personnel, and Planning and Resource Allocation.

Final responsibility for legislative matters rests with Congregationwhich comprises over members of английском academic, senior research, library, museum and administrative staff.

The Collegesthough independent and self-governing, form a core element of the University, to which they are related in a federal system, not unlike переводом United States.


In time, each college is granted a charter approved by the Privy Council, under which it is governed by a Head of House and a Governing Body comprising of a number of Fellows, most of whom also hold University posts. There are also six Permanent Private Halls, which were founded by different Christian denominations, and which still retain their religious character.

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Thirty colleges and all six halls admit students for both undergraduate and graduate degrees. Seven other colleges are for graduates only; one, All Souls, has fellows only, and one, Kellogg College, specialises in part-time graduate and continuing education. Almost 5, students are engaged in postgraduate work. Of these, around 3, are working in the arts and humanities. Latest figures show that only 5. Our students and staff оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом currently involved in over 55 initiatives, including visits to more than 3, schools and colleges, to encourage the brightest and best students to apply to Oxford, whatever their background.

Across both the Arts and the Sciences, Oxford research is consistently in the top rank both nationally and internationally.


As well as being in the forefront of scientific, medical and technological achievement, the University has английском links with research institutions and industrial concerns both in the United Kingdom and overseas. In all these fields, Oxford attracts scholars from many parts of the world to join its teaching and research staff, and values also the important role of overseas graduate students approximately one оксфорд реферат of the total graduate body in providing intellectual stimulation and creating and maintaining academic links with colleagues abroad.

A hundred countries are at present represented in this way. The development of graduate studies has largely taken place in the 20th century and in the last 30 years seven new graduate colleges have been set up. However, most graduate students still belong to a traditional undergraduate college where переводом presence is valuable to teachers and оксфорд реферат на английском с переводом alike. The University offers a wide range of taught graduate courses and research degrees, ranging from one to three or more years in length.